Water supply is a significant expense for many farmers in Morocco. In order to reduce the cost of water supply to crops, it is possible to opt for a solar pumping device. The exceptional level of sunshine in Morocco allows such an installation to obtain more than satisfactory results. It also has certain advantages that should not be overlooked when making a living from agriculture in Morocco.
How does solar pumping work?
A solar pumping system in Morocco, or elsewhere, consists of the following elements:
- Photovoltaic panels are a kind of solar generator: they receive the energy provided by the sun's rays and transform it into direct electrical current;
- a controller that will transform this direct current into an alternating electrical current to power the submersible pump ;
- a borehole in which is located the submersible pump which will be activated by the electrical energy produced by the device in place;
- a reservoir to store water before it is redistributed.
The advantages of solar pumping in Morocco
Opting for such a scheme allows farmers to make savings while adopting an eco-responsible approach.
A cost-effective solution
Faced with the solar pumping system, Moroccan farmers have the following alternatives to supply their pump with energy: electricity from the network or fossil fuels such as diesel and butane. These 3 sources of energy have high and sometimes variable costs (notably diesel).
A photovoltaic installation certainly requires a higher investment at the beginning. However, this investment quickly pays for itself. A ROI is generally estimated over 3 to 5 years.
In addition, the costs associated with the maintenance of a solar pumping system are low, which is not the case with other solutions.
An ecological system
Solar energy is clean energy, unlike other possible sources of power for the submersible pump. This type of installation does not affect the quality of the water table. It is not polluted by fuel or other polluting agents released by other devices.
A resistant system
The power supply to the pump by this photovoltaic device depends on the amount of sunlight. In Morocco, we are lucky in this respect. It is therefore a particularly safe solution.
On the other hand, a farmer is not immune to a power cut in the grid, which would render his pump inoperable if it was powered by the grid. Similarly, the use of a system powered by butane exposes him to the risk of explosion.
A photovoltaic solar pumping system has an estimated lifespan of 20 years, which is not the case with diesel-powered systems. The latter are subject to more or less frequent breakdowns.
Easy to use
The use of a solar pumping system may cause reluctance on the part of some farmers who fear that it is too technical and complicated to operate. On the contrary, there is nothing simpler. It is the installer who takes care of everything. All the farmer has to do is switch the device on or off.